radiology medical terms

biologically active coils sphincter DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) is the global information technology standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. A dilation (widening) of the bronchi (the "breathing tubes"), often caused by infection. A condition in which a collection of air in the pleural space causes the lung to collapse, occurs in the absence of disease or injury. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy that is delivered to the central nervous system (CNS) by means of a lumbar puncture as preventive cancer treatment. Treatment based on alteration of genetic material. A minimally invasive procedure in which a thin needle or tube is inserted into the abdomen to remove excess fluid from the peritoneal cavity. A mild cathartic; a remedy that moves the bowels slightly without pain or violent action. Related to a medical prognosis, a prediction of the course and likely outcome of a disease. In LDR brachytherapy, the patient is treated with a low dose of radiation for hours at a time. epididymitis Radiation Units Abnormal structures that form inside neurons considered one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). An ultrasound technique that is used to obtain images that are difficult or impossible to obtain using standard color Doppler and to provide greater detail of blood flow, especially in vessels that are located inside organs. Its purpose is to identify spinal lesions caused by disease or injury. Infection or inflammation of one or more of the sinuses. inferior vena cava, the large vein that returns blood from the legs to the heart, to prevent blood clots in the lower body from traveling to the heart or lungs. Medical Xpress provides the latest news on radiology & medical imaging, clinical diagnosis, treatment and disease monitoring esophagogastrectomy Benign is also used to describe medical conditions that have a mild course. A group of disorders associated with pain in the face affecting the jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints (upper temporal bone and lower mandible jaw bone that form the joint) and nerves. See catheter-directed thrombolysis. The clinical discipline concerned with the diagnostic and therapeutic uses of radionuclides (an isotope of artificial or natural origin that exhibits radioactivity), excluding the A plug, composed of a detached blood clot, mass of bacteria or other tissue, air or other foreign body, completely or partially blocking a vessel. Enlarged veins with faulty valves that permit blood to pool by gravity instead of returning to the heart for re-circulation. The study of x-rays and their use in the diagnosis of disease. esophageal reflux In radiation or medical physics, the number of disintegrations per second of a radionuclide. Examination of a body cavity such as the pelvis using an illuminated tube that is inserted through a small incision. electronic media SmartCards The surgical removal of a small tumor (a lump). becquerel (Bq) laser radiation pneumonitis S tonic-clonic seizure lymph node biopsy These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. These abnormal red blood cells sometimes plug the blood vessels, causing damage to the organ downstream. cryosurgery An isotope of artificial or natural origin that exhibits radioactivity.Radionuclides serve as agents in nuclear medicine and genetic engineering, play a role in computer imaging for diagnosis and experiment, and account for a percentage of background radiation to which humans are exposed. Patients will be able to breathe on their own and in many cases will receive oxygen from a face mask. The synchrotron uses multiple separate bending magnets and narrow bore tubes to connect them.

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